Argyle Diamond Mine
• 100 per cent owned by Rio Tinto
• Located in remote east Kimberley region of Western Australia
• Argyle has been operating since 1983, for over 30 years as an open pit mine and since 2014 as a fully operational underground mine
• Argyle is the world’s largest supplier of coloured diamonds
• Mine life through to at least 2020, averaging 20 million carats per annum over the life of the block cave underground mine
Diavik Diamond Mine
• Diavik is an unincorporated joint venture between Diavik Diamond Mines (2012) Inc. and Dominion Diamond Diavik Limited Partnership – with 60 per cent and 40 per cent ownership respectively
• Diavik Diamond Mines (2012) Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Rio Tinto, and manages the operation of the mine.
• Diavik Diamond Mine is 300km northeast of Yellowknife, capital of Canada’s Northwest Territories, and 220 km south of the Arctic Circle.
• It is located on a 20 km2 island in Lac de Gras, a 60km-long lake.
• Open pit operations began in 2003. In 2012, open pit mining ended, and the mine became a fully underground operation.
• Diavik is currently producing diamonds from three kimberlite orebodies (“pipes”) on the bed of Lac de Gras: A154 South, A154 North and A418.
• In 2014, development of a fourth pipe, A21, was approved, with production expected to start in late 2018.
• Diavik’s diamonds are sold in rough, or uncut, form, and are predominantly large, white and gem quality, ideal for the bridal markets in all established and emerging markets
• In 2014, the Diavikmine produced 7.2 million carats.
• The Bunder project is located in the Chhatarpur district in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, 500 Km south-east of Delhi
• Rio Tinto discovered the Bunder deposit in 2004 and applied for a mining lease in 2008
• In 2009 a US$7 million state-of-the-art bulk sample processing plant was installed with testing revealing that the deposit is suitable for conventional open pit mining
• In 2010 a State Support Agreement with the government of Madhya Pradesh was signed
• Rio Tinto received mine plan approval from the Indian Bureau of Mines in 2013 and is currently progressing a pre-feasibility study
• The project is a $US550m investment with the first commercial production likely to occur in 2020, subject to all the necessary approvals
• Bunder has an Inferred Resource (the first quantifiable estimate of an ore-body) of47.3 million tonnes, containing 33.8million carats.
• Initial sampling of the ore body has shown the presence of white gem diamonds as well as the presence of champagne and cognac diamonds
• Udachnaya pipe
• Udachnaya pipe was discovered in 1955. Open-pit mining was started in 1971 and is still underway.
• The pipe is located in Udachny town, 550 km north of Mirny town and consists of Western and Eastern ore bodies adjoining in the near-surface part.
• The underground mine Udachny was commissioned in 2014. Reaching its design capacity of 4 million tons of ore per year, Udachny will become and one of the largest worldwide.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 3.504 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 165.422 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 1.38 carats per ton
• Zarnitsa kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1954 and is the first primary diamond deposit discovered in Russia. It is located 14 km east of Udachny town.
• In 1988-98, the deposit was on a trial run, commercial development started in 1999.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 176 thousand carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 58.554 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 0.21 carats per ton
• Aikhal kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1960.
• It is located 395 km north of Mirny town, in close proximity to Aikhal settlement.
• It has been developed by underground mining method since 2005; the open-pit mining completed in 1997.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 3.292 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 15.998 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 4.26 carats per ton
• Komsomolskaya kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1974.
• It is located 490 km from Mirny town and 17 km from Aikhal settlement.
• Open-pit mining was started in 2000.
• Low diamond grade at sufficiently high quality of rough diamonds is characteristic for the deposit.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 152 thousand carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 4.812 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 0.38 carats per ton
• Yubileynaya kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1975; it is rated among the largest primary diamond deposits both in Yakutia and abroad.
• The pipe is located 485 km north of Mirny town and in close proximity to Aikhal settlement.
• Open-pit mining was started in 1989.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 9.122 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 194.994 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 0.76 carats per ton
Nyurbinskaya (Nyurba) pipe
• Nyurbinskaya pipe was discovered in 1994 and is rated among the largest pipes on the balance sheet of ALROSA.
• It is located in close proximity to Nakyn settlement (rotation camp), some 200 km northwest of Nyurba town and 320 km northeast of Mirny town.
• Open-pit mining was started in 2001; the pipe is characterised with high diamond content.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 6.542 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 13.456 million tons of ore
• The average diamond grade – 4.25 carats per ton
• Botuobinskaya pipe is located some 3 km southwest of Nyurbinskaya pipe.
• The Botuobinskaya pipe contains many gem and near-gem quality diamonds with a high transparency and low proportion of coloured stones.
• In 2015, Botuobinskaya pipe started ore mining.
• Diamond production at the pipe will exceed 2 million carats when it reaches its design capacity of 400 thousand tons of ore per year.
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 16.364 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 5.18 carats per ton
Internatsionalnaya (International or Inter) pipe
• Internatsionalnaya kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1969; it is a primary deposit that differs from all known diamond deposits of Western Yakutia by larger crystal size and high diamond ore grade with these parameters substantially exceeding those of other deposits.
• The pipe is located in the basin of the Irelyakhriver, in the upper reaches of its right tributaries, Ulakhan-Yuryakh and Machchoba-Salaa creeks, 16 km southwest of Mirny town.
• Today it is being developed by underground mining method; open-pit mining completed in 2011.
• It became the first underground mine of ALROSA Group.
• The experience acquired in implementation of design engineering solutions at the mining division prompted further development of underground mining technology at other facilities of the Group.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 3.862 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 5.75 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 8.53 carats per ton
• Mir kimberlite pipe was discovered in 1955.
• Diamond content of the pipe is high and the average diamond grade exceeds 3 carats per ton.
• It is located in the left bank area of the middle course of Irelyakhriver within the limits of Mirny town.
• Mir pipe has being developed by underground mining method since 2009; open-pit mining completed in 2001.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 1.463 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 40.124 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 3.43 carats per ton
Alluvial deposits and technogenic reserves (i.e. tailing dumps)
• Besides primary deposits Mirny MPD includes Vodorazdelnye Galechniki, Gornoye and Irelyakh alluvial mines and Tailings of the processing plant No. 5 technogenic mine.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 764 thousand carats
• Resources and reserves of Mirny Division alluvial placers were not included into JORC Code valuation
OJSC SEVERALMAZ (Lomonosov MPD)
• The pipe was discovered in 1980; it is located in the Arkhangelsk region 100 km northeast of Arkhangelsk city.
• Open-pit mining started here in 2005.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 1.373 million carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 95.634 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 0.86 carats per ton
• The pipe is located 750 m northeast of Arkhangelskaya pipe.
• Stripping operations at the pipe were held from 2009; in 2014, diamond mining started at Karpinskogo-1.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 266 thousand carats
• Ore resources inclusive of reserves – 30.156 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 1.11 carats per ton
OJSC AlmazyAnabara (including OJSC Nizhne-Lenskoye)
OJSC ALMAZY ANABARA
• The deposits of this enterprise are located in the northwestern part of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), within the territory of several uluses (districts).
• The diamond mining is conducted at 7 placers: Morgogor, Istok, Holomolokh, Ebelyakh, Gusinoye, Ruchey 41 and Kurung-Yuryakh.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 3.059 million carats
• Resources inclusive of reserves – 36.816 million tons
• The average diamond grade – 0.80 carats per ton
• The enterprise conducts mining at placer deposits Molodo and Billyakh that are located on the territory of Bulunsky and Anabarskyuluses (districts) of Yakutia, not far from OJSC AlmazyAnabara.
• Billyakh placer diamond deposit is located in the southern part of Anabarskyulus (district) of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), 320 km of the Arctic Ocean coast in the basin of the middle-high course of Billyakh river, a tributary of Anabarriver. The placer development started in 1999.
• Molodo placer diamond deposit is located in the north of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) on the territory of Bulunskyulus with the administrative center in Tiksi town. Exploration and mining at the placer was started in 1997.
• Diamond output in 2014 – 1.818 million carats.
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